Being a Window user you must be knowing that Control Panel and the Settings apps have quite limited functionalities.
If you want complete control over your network meaning access to everything the operating system offers, then…
Start using Command Prompt
By using it, you can manage various aspects of your wireless network connections.
Not ever used Command Prompt before? Don’t Panic!
Here are some most useful commands which you’ll feel simple and easy to understand.
Ping is one of the basic commands but yet useful to resolve your network connections issues.
It tells you whether your system can reach some destination IP address or domain name, if yes, how long it’ll take data to travel that destination and back again.
The command functions by sending out multiple data packets and check for how many of them returned. If some of them don’t return, it’ll prompt you “lost”.
Loss of Packets results in poor performance of games and streaming, and there is an easy way to test.
To increase the number of lost packets, type
ping www.google.com -n 10
To increase the time-out duration (value is in milliseconds), type
ping www.google.com -w 6000
TRACERT stands for Trace Route. Similar to ping, it sends out a data packet for troubleshooting any network issues you might have and tracks the route of the packet as it moves from server to server.
The command outputs a line-by-line summary of each hop, including the latency between your system and that particular hop. Also provides the IP address and domain name (if available) of the hop.
PATHPING and TRACERT are similar to some extent, except the fact that PATHPING is more informative, which means it takes more time to execute. When the packets are send out from you to a given destination, it examines the route taken and calculates packet loss on a per-hop basis.
IPCONFIG is one of the most-used networking commands of Windows. Not only it is useful for the information it provides, it can also be combined with a couple switches to execute certain tasks.
The default output shows how every network adaptor on your system works to resolve.
The IPv4 Address and Default Gateway details under the Wireless LAN Adapter and Ethernet Adapter sections are the most crucial part to know.
Make Use of this switch to flush your DNS cache:
Flushing the DNS cache can help when a specific website or server is inaccessible for certain reason (e.g. a website times out and won’t load) but your internet is working.
Every device has a unique MAC address (Media Access Control) which compliant with IEEE 802 standards.
MAC address is assigned by the computer manufacturer and are stored in the device’s hardware. Some people use MAC addresses to limit the access to devices in the network.
You may see more than one MAC address depending on the number of network-related adapters connected on your system. For instance, Wi-Fi and Ethernet connections may have separate MAC addresses.
NSLOOKUP stands for Name Server Lookup. It’s a smart utility which is packed with a lot of power, but most users don’t need all of that. Its main use for a regular user is to find out the IP address behind a certain domain name.
NOTE: Certain domain names aren’t tangled to a dedicated IP address, which implies that you may get different IP addresses every time you run the command. This is quite normal for a big websites because they spread their workload across different machines.
NETSTAT is a tool used for network statistics, diagnostics, and analysis. It’s complex and powerful, but it can be simple enough if you ignore the advanced features and aspects that you don’t want to know.
The command displays all “active connections” on your system (By default) whether those connections are on LAN or across the internet. An active connection doesn’t implies that the data is being hopped, instead it simply means that a port that’s open and ready to accept a connection.
Undoubtedly, NETSTAT is mostly useful to regular users because of its capability to display port information, and that can be accessible when you need to forward ports.
But the command also has number of switches that changes the type of information is to be displayed, such as the -r switch which shows a routing table instead.
NETSH stands for Network Shell. This command lets you to easily view and configure every network adapter on your system in complete detail and granularity than any of the previous described commands.
Executing NETSH command on its own will move the Command Prompt into network shell mode. There are number of different “contexts” within this shell, comprising one for routing-related commands, one for DHCP-related commands, and one for diagnostics, and so on. But you can also use it to execute individual commands.
Here are commands with a context:
Move down to one more layer to find all of the subcommands within those commands:
Hence, you can execute this command to view all of the wireless network drivers on your system and their properties.
netsh wlan show drivers
This advanced command is complex enough to deserve a blog of its own. You just need to know that if you want to get Real Technical Information for your network configuration, certainly you’ll need to use this command line utility.
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Now, how comfortable you are with Command Prompt? Hope, this blog has proved useful for you.
But, if you are still facing issues working with above commands or you got stuck in some other problems while using CMD Commands, speak with our professionals.